3 common causes of severe knee pain

There are three common serious causes of knee pain: trauma, metabolic diseases, and degenerative conditions .

Almost each of us suffers from knee pain of varying severity. The cause may be old age, injury or knee arthritis, gout… Severe cases may require surgery or artificial knee replacement.

Functions of the knee joint

Knees help keep the body steady. They allow the legs to bend to bend or stretch to stand upright. Knee flexibility and stability is essential for movements such as standing, walking, running, bending, jumping, and turning. Other parts of the body that help the knee do its job are:

  • Skeletal;
  • Cartilage;
  • Muscle;
  • Ligament;
  • Close.

Injury

Joint cartilage abnormalities

Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage in the knee joint is too soft. This can be due to injury, too much exercise, or because there is an abnormality or defect in the knee joint. Chondromalacia can occur if any force is applied to the cartilage area of ​​the tibia causing the cartilage to rupture. If any part of the cartilage is damaged, the knee can become painful and not be able to perform 100% of its function.

The meniscus is a C-shaped cartilage that acts as a spacer between the femur and tibia. The meniscus is easily injured if the knee is twisted during heavy load. This cartilage can be partially or completely damaged. If it is torn, the meniscus is still attached to the front and back of the knee. If the force is too strong, the meniscus will tear completely. The severity of the injury depends on the location and size of the crack.

Ligament injury

The two most commonly injured ligaments are the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). This ligament injury is sometimes called a "sprain". The anterior cruciate ligament is often stretched or severed (or both) due to sudden movement in the knee joint. The posterior cruciate ligament is often injured by direct trauma such as a car or football accident.

The medial and lateral knee ligaments are often injured by forces acting on the outside of the knee. This can stretch the ligament or even rupture the ligament. These injuries often occur during sports such as football or hockey.

Tendonitis

The three types of ligament injuries and disorders include:

  • Tendonitis and tendon rupture due to trauma;
  • Osgood-Schlatter disease;
  • Tibble-like syndrome.

Traumatic tendon damage is usually tendinitis or tendon rupture. Tendon ruptures are most commonly caused by:

  • Vigorous activity (especially in certain sports). Excessive movements will stretch the tendon and cause tendonitis;
  • When you try to keep your balance so you don't fall, your thigh muscles tighten and this causes tendon damage. This condition often occurs in the elderly and weak, walking for them is quite difficult.

Another type of knee tendonitis is known under the name jumper's tendonitis. In sports that require high jumps like basketball, an athlete's tendon can become inflamed or even ruptured.

Osgood-Schlatter disease

This disease is caused by excessive compression or stretching of the bones of the upper extremities. The disease causes swelling in the knees and upper extremities. The disease usually occurs because when stretched too hard, the tendon breaks out of the bone and often takes a piece of bone with it. Young people who run too much while playing sports can get this injury.

Tibble-like syndrome

This syndrome occurs when the ligament rubs against the outer covering of the bone in the knee area and causes swelling. This syndrome occurs if the knee is overused for a long time. This sometimes happens during sports training.

Metabolic diseases

Metabolic causes often damage many different parts of the body, such as gout. Gout is one of the most common metabolic causes of knee pain.

Gout: This type of arthritis occurs when uric acid crystals build up in the joints. Gout usually affects the big toe, it can also occur in the knee.

Pseudo-gout: Often confused with gout, pseudogout is caused by the formation of calcium pyrophosphate crystals in the joint fluid. Knees are the joints most commonly affected by this disease.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis causes damage to the cartilage and tissues surrounding the knee. It can cause pain, stiffness, and prevent joints from working properly. Osteoarthritis is common with aging and affects most people by the age of 80. Osteoarthritis is considered the most common type of arthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: This type of arthritis causes the most joint damage, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that can affect almost any joint in the body, including the knees. Although rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, it often varies widely in severity between patients and often presents in episodes.

These are just a few of the causes of knee pain. You should see a chiropractor or chiropractor to perform tests to determine the direct cause, thereby helping to treat effectively.


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