Causes, symptoms and treatment of purulent otitis media

Otitis media has many types, of which, purulent otitis media is a serious condition and can lead to unpredictable complications.

Otitis media is an infection behind the eardrum. The disease can make patients uncomfortable, affecting daily life due to hearing problems. So what are the symptoms and causes of this disease? Please refer to the following article.

What is purulent otitis media?

Purulent otitis media (also called otitis media with effusion) is a buildup of fluid in the middle ear. This discharge can be caused by a cold, sore throat, or an upper respiratory infection.

The fluid in the middle ear usually clears up on its own within 4-6 weeks. However, in some cases it can last longer, causing temporary hearing loss. More serious, can lead to infection, causing acute otitis media.

In fact, purulent otitis media in children is very common, especially in children between the ages of 6 months and 3 years, and for the most part, boys are more susceptible than girls.

Symptoms of otitis media with pus

Purulent otitis media is not the result of an infection. Therefore, the symptoms of this disease are usually very mild. Also, not everyone who is sick has symptoms.

Some common symptoms of otitis media with pus in adults and children:

  • Feeling full of ears
  • Can't hear clearly
  • Drainage from the ear (if the eardrum is torn)
  • Pain in the ear (in children who are too young to tell you that their ears are in pain, they will often tug at their ears)

If an infection develops, the person will have symptoms such as:

  • Ear pain (young children may cry or tug their ears)
  • Fever
  • Tired
  • Having trouble hearing

Purulent otitis media is a condition that can affect anyone, but children are often at high risk because of the underdeveloped structure of the Osteoarthritis. Understanding the symptoms of otitis media with pus will help you quickly detect and go to the doctor in time.

Causes of otitis media with pus

Causes, symptoms and treatment of purulent otitis media

The cause of purulent otitis media is due to improper functioning of the Ot-slap tube. The ot-sat helps balance the pressure between the air inside and outside the ear. When this tube does not work properly, the drainage of fluid from the middle ear to the outside is affected, leading to fluid accumulation behind the eardrum.

Some reasons why the Ot-slave tube does not work properly are:

  • Vaginitis
  • Colds or allergies can lead to swelling and blockage of the lining of the nose, throat, and Ot's tube. The swelling prevents air and fluid from circulating normally in the body.
  • Ot-slack tube defect

In children, the main cause is usually due to the incomplete development of the Otsal tube. In addition, some children are more susceptible if they:

  • Having a cold
  • Bottle-feeding while lying on your back
  • Inhalation of smoke
  • No breast milk
  • Have a history of ear infections?
  • Have an abnormal skull

Allergies, exposure to airborne irritants, and respiratory infections can all cause this condition. Changes in air pressure (such as flying in an airplane) can also clog the Osteoarthritis tube and affect the flow of fluid.

How to treat purulent otitis media?

Causes, symptoms and treatment of purulent otitis media

If after 6 weeks the middle ear infection does not go away, you need to see a doctor. Your doctor may give you pain relievers to ease the pain caused by otitis media.

In some cases of otitis media with pus, the doctor may make an incision in the back ¼ corner below the eardrum to create space for the pus to drain outside. After incision drainage, the symptoms of otitis media with pus can improve after 1 to 4 weeks.

If otitis media is caused by bacteria, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. When using, you need to pay attention to use according to the instructions, especially when used for young children. Avoid self-use because if used in the wrong way, the wrong dose can cause recurrent infections, bacteria can be resistant to drugs and cause more serious diseases.

If the disease recurs many times, the above treatments are not effective, the doctor may appoint surgery to insert an eardrum catheter to drain the pus. The ventilation tube will be removed when the disease no longer recurs after 6 months - 1 year.


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