Top 9 causes of sore throat you need to pay attention to

A sore throat is often caused by common infections, such as a cold or sore throat. This symptom is rarely “representative” of a serious illness.

Sore throat due to different medical conditions will be accompanied by a different set of symptoms. Therefore, the suggestions below will help you better understand the diseases that can cause these symptoms.

9 causes of sore throat

1. Gastroesophageal reflux

Heartburn is a characteristic symptom of acid reflux, which occurs when the valve muscles at the end of the esophagus cannot close properly, allowing acid from the stomach to back up into the esophagus and throat. It causes a burning sensation in the throat and chest area behind the breastbone. Accompanied by a sour, bitter feeling in the throat and mouth. In normal people, this condition is also sometimes encountered, but very rarely and infrequently.

When acid reflux occurs frequently or becomes severe, you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Top 9 causes of sore throat you need to pay attention to • SignsSymptomsList.com

2. Postnasal drip causes sore throat

In a normal state, physiological secretions of the nasopharynx flow to the back of the nose and down to the stomach through the pharynx. But because the amount of fluid is moderate and the fluid layer is thin, we can't feel it.

In case of sinusitis, the amount of secretions will be more, thicker, create a thicker layer of fluid and also carry bacteria to the throat, so the throat will have many problems.

This condition is medically known as postnasal drip. The continuous downflow of fluid can irritate the throat mucosa, cause sore throat, and lead to pharyngitis, laryngitis, hoarseness, cough, bad breath...

3. Sore throat

Acute pharyngitis causes sore throat. The most common cause is a virus, but the most dangerous is strep throat. It is a throat infection caused by group A hemolytic Streptococcus bacteria. The main symptom of strep throat is a sore throat accompanied by high fever, rash, aches and pains... The throat can be so painful that the patient is afraid to swallow, the pain can go up to the ear.

Top 9 causes of sore throat you need to pay attention to • SignsSymptomsList.com

Conventional pain relievers can temporarily relieve symptoms. However, due to its specificity, the disease can cause dangerous complications such as endocarditis, so you need to be treated and monitored by a specialist. Specific antibiotics will be used to control this bacteria.

4. Colds

One of the most common symptoms of a cold is a sore throat. And this is what causes you to have a burning sensation in your throat. Diseases caused by common viruses. You may feel uncomfortable and tired when you have a cold, but the illness is usually not too serious, so it is still called the "common cold". Symptoms should go away within 7 to 10 days.

5. Flu

Influenza is an illness caused by the influenza virus. The initial symptoms of the flu are often quite similar to those of a cold, but its progression can be much more severe. In some people, the flu can lead to life-threatening complications, such as pneumonia and respiratory failure.

Top 9 causes of sore throat you need to pay attention to • SignsSymptomsList.com

6. Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis is an infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The virus is spread through saliva, which is why it is also called the "disease of kisses". Throat is painful, hot, even swollen. The disease usually appears 4-6 weeks after this microorganism enters the body.

7. Abscess around the tonsils causes a sore throat

Peritonsillar abscess is a condition in which the loose connective tissue around the tonsils is inflamed and purulent, causing the throat to become red, swollen and painful to the point of being unable to swallow saliva. This is often a complication of chronic tonsillitis. Bacteria "follow" the slits, especially the large slits in the tonsils, to penetrate the peritonsillar space. If left untreated, the swelling can push the tonsils into the middle of the throat causing suffocation, difficulty opening the mouth, collapse, and even sepsis.

Top 9 causes of sore throat you need to pay attention to • SignsSymptomsList.com

8. Burning mouth syndrome

Burning mouth syndrome causes a burning sensation inside the mouth and throat. The burning pain can occur in the throat or the entire oral cavity, including the cheeks, lips, tongue, and roof of the mouth. This condition can result from problems with the sensory nerves or other problems, such as dry mouth.

9. Cancer

In rare cases, pain or burning when swallowing can be a symptom of cancer of the esophagus or lower throat. It must be distinguished, the burning pain caused by an infection should improve within a week or two. However, if this pain is caused by cancer, the pain and discomfort will continue and show no sign of abating.

What to do if you have a sore throat?

When you feel a sore throat, you can apply the following measures to soothe your sore throat:

  • Gargle with warm salt water. To make a brine solution, mix 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of salt in 240ml of warm water. Gargle for 10-15 seconds and then spit it out. Be careful not to swallow.

Top 9 causes of sore throat you need to pay attention to • SignsSymptomsList.com

  • Use sore throat lozenges. You can easily buy all kinds of sore throat lozenges at pharmacies nationwide.
  • Sip warm honey tea, use specialized throat rinses or eat chicken soup.
  • Use a mist humidifier to increase the humidity of the air in the room. This will help you avoid a dry throat.
  • Take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
  • Drink lots of water, especially water.

When do you need to see a doctor?

Usually, a sore throat will improve on its own within a few days. However, if the pain persists for more than a week or becomes unusually severe, you should see your doctor for a checkup.

You should also see your doctor if your burning throat is accompanied by any of the following symptoms:

  • Fever higher than 38ºC
  • There is blood in the saliva or in the sputum
  • Difficulty swallowing or opening your mouth
  • Shortness of breath
  • There is pus on the tonsils
  • Rash
  • Occurrence of a tumor in the neck
  • Hoarseness lasting more than two weeks

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