Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

Degenerative joint disease (osteoarthritis) is one of the leading causes of disability in older adults. However, more and more young people suffer from symptoms of osteoarthritis, especially the knee joint. Finding a cure for osteoarthritis is always the first concern of patients.

Treatment for this disease is based on a combination of medical measures and lifestyle changes. Medicines can help patients relieve pain, but there are many potential side effects if used for a long time. Therefore, to control osteoarthritis symptoms with fewer side effects, people with osteoarthritis of the knee can take the following 9 effective measures:

1. Treatment of osteoarthritis in place: Hot and cold compresses reduce swelling and inflammation

Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

Hot or cold compresses can help ease the pain of arthritis. This method of using heat does not cause side effects, so you can do it with peace of mind. However, you should apply cold compresses to painful swollen knee joints. After the swelling is reduced, a hot compress will help reduce the feeling of stiffness.

In the process of performing this treatment for osteoarthritis, care should be taken not to burn due to heat. Detail:

  • You should use a layer of clean soft towel between the swollen and painful knee with an ice pack.
  • One application should not exceed 20 minutes.
  • You can alternate these two measures if you want.
  • If you don't have an ice pack, use a clean towel wrapped in ice to apply cold or soak in warm water and wring it out to apply heat.

In addition, you can also soak in a warm bath before bed to relax your muscles and joints, allowing your knees time to rest and recover after a full day of exercise.

2. Exercise – how to cure osteoarthritis requires patience

Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

Exercise can be a challenge for someone with knee pain, but in fact, with consistent exercise, arthritis symptoms can be reduced. Strength training also helps you increase muscle endurance, preventing joint damage later.

The types of exercises that are good for the knee joint need to ensure to improve the flexibility of the joint as well as not require high endurance such as:

  • Cycling
  • Swimming
  • Thai Cuc kungfu
  • Walk
  • Yoga

The Arthritis Foundation recommends that people with joint pain get 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week. If you've never done these exercises, you should consult your doctor first. Usually when you are just starting out, you should practice for a short time so that the knee joint can get used to the previous movements. After that, when the joint pain has subsided, you can practice longer but absolutely do not overexert.

During exercise, if you feel slight joint pain, stop and rest. Depending on the level of pain, the rest period can be up to 1-2 days, but then continue with the exercise regimen, do not give up completely.

3. Weight loss – an important part when curing osteoarthritis

Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

Being overweight or obese can place undue strain and pressure on weight-bearing joints such as the knees, spine, hips, ankles and feet. Therefore, people with joint pain and osteoarthritis should maintain an appropriate weight.

For healthy weight loss, you can eat smaller portions and exercise to burn more calories, limiting canned foods, starchy foods, fats, sugars and bad fats.

4. Effectively cure osteoarthritis with joint-protective active ingredients

Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

Given the limitations of the long-term efficacy and safety of nonspecific analgesics such as analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the need for drugs capable of symptom control Arthritis in the early stages of osteoarthritis and delayed progression of joint structural changes is increasingly high.

Glucosamine sulfate is the drug with the most extensive evidence of this ability, especially in clinical studies conducted with the crystalline glucosamine sulfate formulation – the stable form of glucosamine sulfate.

Glucosamine is an amino-monosaccharide of endogenous origin, which is a component that helps synthesize glycosaminoglycans, which make up cartilage tissue in the body. However, with age, this synthesis ability decreases, so young people should also supplement with glucosamine to protect joints, especially knees.

In addition, glucosamine can also be used in the early stages of osteoarthritis when the symptoms of joint pain are mild and moderate.

5. Building a reasonable diet when treating osteoarthritis

Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

Many foods that are good for your joints can help ease the symptoms of osteoarthritis. You can add the following foods to your diet:

  • Foods rich in vitamin C such as fruits (pineapple, lemon, grapefruit, papaya ...), green vegetables (sprouts, spinach, broccoli, kale, cabbage, broccoli ...). In addition, people with dry knee joints can also eat foods that increase fat for joints such as okra, loofah...
  • Omega-3 fatty acids are found in fish (mackerel, tuna, sardines, herring, salmon…) or fish oil. However, you need to consult a doctor if taking fish oil because an overdose of fish oil will be detrimental to the blood clotting process of the body.
  • Good fats like nuts and avocados, healthy oils like olive oil and coconut oil.
  • Calcium and vitamin D in low-fat milk and dairy products.
  • Protein in lean meats such as lean chicken, beef, pork loin...
  • Spices such as garlic, ginger, turmeric, pepper ... have anti-inflammatory effects.

In addition, patients with osteoarthritis should also avoid the following foods and drinks:

  • Fast food, a lot of fried oil
  • Fatty meat, cold cuts, cotton balls, sausages...
  • Wine, beer, coffee…
  • Foods high in salt, sugar, artificial sweeteners (aspartame)

6. How to cure osteoarthritis while relaxing and reducing pain: Massage

Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

According to research results, 1 hour of massage per week for at least 8 weeks has been shown to be one of the easiest ways to cure osteoarthritis, helping to reduce pain and stiffness as well as increase mobility.

With osteoarthritis, the muscles around the joints frequently contract. Massage helps to relax the body, significantly relieves joint pain, stimulates blood flow and makes the painful area warm (similar to when applying heat).

Massage is also considered an easy-to-follow treatment, but it needs to be done with the right technique. However, the effect of this therapy is only temporary.

7. Osteoarthritis treatment: Try to get enough sleep

Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

A good night's sleep will help you have the health to "cope" with arthritis pain. To sleep better and get more sleep, set yourself a fixed bedtime every night. Do not use devices with blue light such as computer screens, phones, televisions before bedtime.

People undergoing treatment for osteoarthritis may experience discomfort and pain at night. Then you can use more pillows to reduce pressure on painful joints, combined with hot compresses. In case of frequent insomnia, you need to quickly seek advice from a doctor!

8. Wearing a splint to treat osteoarthritisTreating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

A knee brace (medical knee brace) is a protective device for the knee in case of injury or inflammation.

There are 4 main types of knee braces divided by effect as follows:

  • The spare knee brace helps protect the knee from injury during high impact sports such as rugby, football, etc.
  • The functional knee brace is used to stabilize the injured knee area.
  • Rehabilitation knee braces help limit movements that damage the knee during recovery from injury or surgery for osteoarthritis (such as knee arthroscopy).
  • The compression brace is designed to help reduce pain for people with symptoms of osteoarthritis or arthritis.

9. Should Osteoarthritis Should Acupuncture?

Treating osteoarthritis: 9 effective ways to reduce disease symptoms

Acupuncture is a method of using sterilized sharp objects such as needles and sticks to stimulate points. Traditional acupuncture methods can support the treatment of osteoarthritis, helping patients quickly regain health. However, acupuncture may not be suitable for everyone. You need to consult your doctor before deciding to do so.


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