The reasons why it is difficult to get pregnant are not known to everyone

You and your wife are completely healthy, do not use any contraception, are very compatible in sex, but still no good news? Are you wondering what is the cause of your difficulty in getting pregnant? In fact, the cause of difficulty getting pregnant is not only due to infertility. There are many other factors that make the couple unable to have children despite their best efforts. In the following article, SignsSymptomsList provides the most common causes of difficulty getting pregnant. Come on, let's find out with SignsSymptomsList!

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1. You have a medical condition

Difficulty getting pregnant is a symptom of an underlying medical condition, not a diagnosis. To treat infertility and maximize your chances of getting pregnant, it's important to have a thorough physical exam to rule out gynecological problems or other organ problems that affect fertility.

Among them, the following diseases stand out:

1.1. Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs in 10% of women. This disorder in the reproductive system causes the body to instead produce follicle-stimulating hormones to overproduce androgens, disrupting ovulation, hindering ovulation and impairing egg quality. This indirectly causes conception to fail.

What's more, women with polycystic ovary syndrome also have irregular periods. They are more likely to be overweight, have diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

1.2. Immune system disorder

Autoimmune disorders will cause the body to attack its own cells such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus . At this point, the immune system disorder causes an excessive inflammatory response that destroys the sperm as well as the newly fertilized embryo. As a result, the woman cannot become pregnant naturally.

1.3. Uterine fibroids and uterine polyps

Uterine fibroids and polyps are benign growths of tissue in the uterus. Symptoms patients may experience are heavy menstrual bleeding, prolonged duration and dysmenorrhea. In particular, if the neoplasm is too abnormal on the mucosa, it will interfere with the ability of the newly fertilized egg to stick and implant.

Not only that, even when the embryo has implanted and developed to a certain extent, these diseases can still increase the risk of miscarriage, extremely preterm birth or recurrent stillbirth. This makes the woman never pregnant successfully.

The reasons why it is difficult to get pregnant are not known to everyone

Uterine fibroids can be a cause

1.4. Endometrial optimism

Endometriosis is a common condition that causes glandular tissue of the uterus to grow outside the lining of the uterus, such as on the ovaries or fallopian tubes, or into the muscle layer of the uterus. Typical symptoms suggestive of this pathology are heavy dysmenorrhea, irregular menstrual cycles and menstrual blood volume.

Because endometriosis has different symptoms in terms of degree and location of ectopic tissue, not eligible for egg implantation, some women don't even know they have the disease until they go to the doctor because it is difficult. pregnant. On the other hand, in severe cases, it is the ectopic tissue that disrupts ovarian or fallopian tube function. From there, it prevents the egg from meeting the sperm.

1.5. Endocrine system disorders

The endocrine system, with its hormones, helps control the functions of the organs in the body. In particular, difficulty conceiving can also be due to the body not producing enough hormones related to pregnancy. This reduces egg quality, delays ovulation as well as impairs the ability of the embryo to implant in the endometrium. Some common pathologies that disrupt the reproductive endocrine system are thyroid dysfunction, adrenal gland dysfunction, and diabetes.

1.6. Sexually transmitted diseases

Some sexually transmitted diseases  can damage the uterus, fallopian tubes, and limit fertility. The infection also prevents the embryo's ability to implant in the uterus, causing an early miscarriage.

1.7. Cancer

Cancer in general can affect almost every function of the body, including fertility.

Moreover, when undergoing treatment, radiation or chemotherapy will make a woman more likely to have recurrent miscarriages. Even they can be infertile , as well as difficult to ensure that it does not affect the fetus. Accordingly, the risk of giving birth to a child with birth defects is very high.

2. Too stressful

According to some studies, women who are often stressed are more difficult to get pregnant. Specifically, stress interferes with hypothalamic function. This is the part that regulates the adrenal gland, pituitary gland, and ovaries. From there, it will disrupt the menstrual cycle, change hormone levels and ovulation, leading to a decrease in the ability to conceive.

The reasons why it is difficult to get pregnant are not known to everyone

Stress affects plans to have a baby

For men, fertility is also significantly affected by life stressors such as work, family and social relationships. The inability to deal with these problems to relieve stress will negatively impact male fertility.

If the cause of your difficulty in conceiving is due to long-term stress, share the difficulties and problems in work and life together. It is also a good idea to arrange a few days of travel to relieve stress.

3. Too fat or too skinny

3.1. Too fat

Being overweight can affect hormone production and make it difficult for women to get pregnant. William Schlaff, chair of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia.

The more overweight a woman is, the more likely her ovarian function is to decline. A 2009 study found that if you become obese at the age of 18, you are more likely to have polycystic ovary syndrome and have difficulty conceiving. Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of childbearing age. It is also the leading cause of infertility.

>> Obesity is an alarming problem today. Are you aware of this situation? See also the article Obesity and 8 things you should know.

The reasons why it is difficult to get pregnant are not known to everyone

Being overweight is a difficult reason to get pregnant

3.2. Too thin

Not only being overweight, but being too thin also adversely affects the fertility of women. This is because women with a very low BMI lack the hormone leptin, which helps control hunger and satiety. A lack of leptin causes menstrual irregularities, according to a 2009 Harvard University study.

Maintaining a healthy weight is one of the most important things you can do to increase your chances of getting pregnant. Therefore, you need to have a suitable diet and exercise.

4. Age

When entering perimenopause (usually 40-50 years old), women no longer ovulate and it is difficult to get pregnant. However, even before reaching this stage, you can still experience fertility problems when your periods are irregular and the number of eggs decreases. This is called perimenopause.

There is no certain age when fertility declines. However, according to many doctors, after the age of 35, the ability to get pregnant is even more difficult. However, this age is also different. Some women have premature ovarian failure. In contrast, some people are still fertile at the age of 40.

5. You chose the wrong time to have intercourse

Some women think that the more sex, the easier it is to get pregnant. But the truth is not so. If you do, you could inadvertently deplete your partner's sperm count.

Besides, not understanding when you ovulate is a common mistake. For most women, ovulation occurs mid-cycle, but that's true if the cycle is between 28 and 32 days.

The reasons why it is difficult to get pregnant are not known to everyone

Having intercourse at the wrong time reduces the chances of a successful pregnancy

Exactly, women ovulate 14 days before the start of their cycle. For example, if you have a 24-day cycle, you will ovulate on day 10. This rule can be confusing if you have irregular periods or can't remember when you last had your period.

Another common mistake is not counting the actual first day of your period. It's the first day that you notice bleeding, not the day after or the day before.

>> See also: How to calculate menstrual cycle easily for girls.

Once you have determined the exact time of ovulation, you only need to have intercourse each day during the most fertile period, which is around the time of ovulation. The rest of the days, the cycle should be spaced out and mostly just relaxing together.

6. You clean your private area too rough

Vaginal douching is a fairly common hygiene practice among women. However, it's definitely not a good idea when you're trying to get pregnant. This is because douching products can act as a spermicide. Furthermore, these chemicals alter the vaginal pH, disrupting the natural environment of your vagina and also your uterus. The adhesion of the embryo is also difficult.

7. "Love" too much or too little

Some couples think that cutting back on sex can save sperm. Or just having sex around the time of ovulation will make it easier to get pregnant. However, long periods of not having sex will cause couples to skip the fertile period. Therefore, feel free to have regular sex. Pay special attention to having sex a few days before ovulation.

On the contrary, some couples believe that the more sex you have, the faster and easier it will be to conceive. However, more is not always good. Having sex multiple times a day or even every day can be exhausting. Then, when it comes to ovulation (which is the most fertile time), you may not be interested in sex anymore, resulting in missed opportunities to conceive.

8. High-intensity exercise

Exercise helps you stay fit, healthy and full of life. This is very important if you are trying to get pregnant. However, you should know if intense exercise has a negative effect on ovulation. A 2012 study found that normal-weight women who exercised more than five hours a week had a harder time getting pregnant.

The reasons why it is difficult to get pregnant are not known to everyone

High intensity exercise makes it difficult to get pregnant

The most obvious sign you may see is a change in your menstrual cycle. If you notice a shorter menstrual cycle and less bleeding, you should see your doctor for advice.

9. Tobacco

Smoking can affect the development of the fetus and your ability to get pregnant. Cigarette smoke alters levels of certain hormones, causing DNA damage in both women and men. Even moderate smokers, even passive smokers, have hormonal effects. They may experience significant fertility problems.

10. Alcohol

There is currently no evidence that drinking a few drinks a week will affect your fertility. However, doctors recommend that women who drink more than one cup a day have a higher risk of ovulation disorders. A 2004 study by Swedish scientists also showed this link. They followed more than 7,000 women for 18 years.

The reasons why it is difficult to get pregnant are not known to everyone

You should limit alcohol consumption if you want to have a baby

You probably already know that you shouldn't drink alcohol while you're pregnant. Drinking alcohol in the early months of pregnancy can lead to premature birth. Whether it is safe to take it during the last months of pregnancy is still debated. Many doctors think that a small amount of alcohol is okay. However, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that alcohol should not be consumed until there is clear evidence that it does not affect the baby.

SignsSymptomsList has provided the most common causes of difficulty getting pregnant. If there is no result within a year without using any contraceptive method, both husband and wife need to go to a hospital or a fertility center for advice and early treatment.

Dr. Lu Thi Hong Van


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