19 weeks pregnant: Some tips for moms

Mom has almost completed 5 months of pregnancy! There will be many changes that will cause many problems in the mother's body. In particular, leg cramps are one of the common conditions of mother during pregnancy week 19. Let's with SignsSymptomsList discover how to get rid of these cramps!


1. The development of the baby during pregnancy week 19?

At 19 weeks pregnant, your baby's skin looks like it has a slick, white coating, known as irritant. This layer of substance helps protect the delicate skin of the baby, keeping it from cracking and scratching.

Under the layer of causative agent, the hair on the baby's skin still exists. Your baby's body has begun to accumulate fat under the skin to help keep warm. When the baby is born, the temperature inside the uterus and the outside environment is much different. The subcutaneous fat layer will become thicker and thicker, especially in the last months of pregnancy.

Your baby's hearing is now better developed than last week. Baby can hear many different sounds. Even the baby can hear the mother's voice while talking. To your baby, your voice becomes the most prominent in any language he hears!

19 weeks pregnant: Some tips for moms

Baby can hear mother's voice more clearly

If you sing or talk to your baby, you can completely think that the baby is listening to your voice.

At this week, your baby's brain continues to develop millions of motor neurons. This creates a connection between the brain and the movement of the muscles. As a result, your baby can now make conscious movements, such as thumb sucking, head movements, and other involuntary movements.

2. When pregnant at 19 weeks or more, how can moms reduce leg cramps?

Leg cramps are quite common during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. They usually happen at night and can wake you up while you're sleeping.

The exact cause of leg cramps is still unknown. However, experts believe that slowed blood circulation in the legs is related to the condition. The slow blood circulation is caused by the enlarged uterus putting pressure on the veins in the mother's legs.

>> Cramps are one of the common symptoms in pregnancy. Don't ignore: Decipher 4 common symptoms of pregnancy: Cramps, leg swelling, shortness of breath, lower abdominal pain .

19 weeks pregnant: Some tips for moms

19th week of pregnancy: cramps often happen at night and can wake you up when you're sleeping

Some tips for moms to ease the discomfort of this condition

  • Do exercises to stretch the calf muscles, especially before going to bed.
  • If you have cramps, stretch the affected muscle. Try straightening your knees and gently bending your feet up.

19 weeks pregnant: Some tips for moms

When you have a cramp, you need to straighten your knee and gently bend your foot up

  • Walking while cramps are also a way to get rid of them quickly. While you may find it uncomfortable at first, the cramps will subside quickly.
  • If you often stand a lot during the day, consider wearing medical stockings. This type of stocking is often used for people with varicose veins in the legs. Stockings will help you improve blood circulation in your legs.
  • To save money, you should exercise regularly. Avoid standing or sitting for long periods of time. You should move around or change positions every 1-2 hours/day.
  • Regular calf massage is also a way to help reduce and prevent cramps.
  • When sitting, mom can put her feet on a low chair for better blood circulation.
  • Avoid wearing high heels. Instead, flat or low shoes will be better for your feet.
  • In addition, you need to make sure to drink enough water every day. Lack of water is also one of the causes of cramps. You should drink 8 glasses of water/day.

>> Mothers can refer to some more ways to handle this situation: Decipher 4 common symptoms during pregnancy: Cramps, leg swelling, shortness of breath, lower abdominal pain

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you apply the above measures but the cramps are still not relieved, you need to tell this to your doctor. In addition, the mother needs to go to the obstetrics and gynecology facility as soon as possible if she finds that the problems of the blood vessels in the legs are severe such as: swelling, redness or pain that does not decrease in the legs.

3. Some questions that mothers often ask when they are 19 weeks pregnant

3.1. If I trip and fall, do I need to go to the hospital right away?

Mom will be extremely panicked and worried when I trip and fall. However, the mother can rest assured because the baby in the womb is very well protected. If the baby is injured, it must be a serious injury such as: a traffic accident, falling stairs from a height ... can affect the baby.

In fact, the baby in the womb is kept in the wall of the uterus. Its structure is thick, strong muscle layer that helps keep baby safe inside. In addition, in the early weeks of pregnancy, the uterus is still located inside the pelvis. Therefore, the baby will be less affected. However, at about 23 weeks of pregnancy, when the mother's belly is large enough and facing outward, a direct blow to the abdomen will increase the risk of injury more than in the early weeks of pregnancy.

After falling and tripping, the mother was very worried about the health of the baby in her belly. Go to the obstetrics and gynecology facility for an examination and evaluation.

19 weeks pregnant: Some tips for moms

After falling or tripping, go to an obstetrics and gynecology facility for an examination and evaluation

However, in some cases, mothers need to seek immediate emergency care if there are unusual signs, including:

  • The fall causes severe abdominal pain or direct bleeding in the abdomen.
  • You have accompanied vaginal bleeding or amniotic fluid leakage.
  • There are signs of labor when there are frequent uterine contractions, accompanied by abdominal pain.
  • Mother's feelings about mechanical pregnancy are not as clear as before. A mechanical pregnancy is the movement of a baby in the womb. However, at 19 weeks pregnant, this feeling is not clear. Machine pregnancy will be more frequent and regular around the 26th week of pregnancy.

Mothers should rest assured, if it is only a minor fall, in most cases the baby is safe. However, your doctor will still check by measuring contractions and fetal heart rate, or visit the birth canal to be more certain.

3.2. Is it safe to use hot tubs and saunas during pregnancy?

A warm bath can help you relax and relieve muscle pain without posing any health hazards. However, during pregnancy, it is necessary to avoid saunas and immersion in water.

In fact, if you spend more than 10 minutes in a hot tub, it can raise your body temperature by up to 40°C. Some studies show that the risk of miscarriage and neural tube defects in babies is increased if pregnant women are exposed to high temperatures.

In addition, as the fetus grows, the mother's blood pressure level will be lower than normal. Exposure to high temperatures for a long period of time causes blood pressure to drop even lower . This condition can reduce the oxygen supply to the baby and make the mother dizzy or even fall easily.

19 weeks pregnant: Some tips for moms

Mothers need to know some rules to ensure safety when taking a hot bath

In case you choose to bathe in a hot tub during pregnancy, to avoid affecting the mother and baby, you should bathe in a water bath for less than 10 minutes. Get out of the hot tub if you start to sweat a lot and feel uncomfortable. In case the mother has a higher than normal body temperature, such as a fever, has just exercised, etc., the hot tub should not be used.

3.3. Are X-rays during pregnancy safe?

In fact, getting an X-ray during pregnancy is usually safe. If radiographs are needed, the benefits of the results outweigh the potential risks.

In case the mother has an X-ray of the abdomen during pregnancy, the baby will be exposed to radiation. This increases the risk of changes in the cells inside your baby's body. It can cause birth defects such as leukemia.

Most X-rays of other organs such as arms, legs, head, and chest are at safe levels. In addition, before the scan, the mother should protect the abdomen with a shirt, the apron will help block radiation better.

If an X-ray is needed, tell your doctor that you are or think you may be pregnant. Your doctor may consider using an ultrasound instead of an X-ray.

Don't worry if you had an X-ray before you found out you were pregnant. The risk is very small.

19 weeks pregnant: Some tips for moms

If you need an X-ray, tell your doctor that you are or suspect you are pregnant

3.4.4 . If I have a cold, how should it be treated?

A cold can make you feel uncomfortable and tired. However, during pregnancy, you should not use medications such as decongestant sprays, cough syrups, and other antihistamines. Most colds are caused by a viral infection. So, instead of taking medicine, apply measures to repel the virus quickly, including:

  • Drink more water during the day: Water or juice, soups are all good choices. They will help replenish water for the body in the process of secreting a lot of mucus in the nose and losing water when having a fever.

>> Do you know which foods are good for your baby? Immediately read the article: What should pregnant mothers eat to be good for the baby?

  • Get more rest: When you have a cold, your body will feel more tired. Mom, take a break and don't overdo it.
  • Make sure the room is warm and humid enough: In the case of a hot dry climate, you can use a humidifier in the room. This will help relieve the stuffy nose.
  • If the mother has a cough, gargling with physiological saline is an excellent therapy. Gargling will help clear, soothe the throat and reduce cough significantly. You can also use physiological water to wash your nose, which will help open your nostrils.
  • In case the mother has a high fever and body aches: Acetaminophen pain reliever is one of the safe drugs that can be used during pregnancy.

Gargling with physiological saline is a great remedy to help clean, soothe the throat and relieve cough quickly

Hope this article has provided you with the information you need to know when you are 19 weeks pregnant . At 20 weeks , you will be able to feel the baby moving in the belly more clearly. Some other interesting things will also happen, stay tuned!