Low blood pressure in young people: What you need to know

Low blood pressure is a common cardiovascular disease today. They are not only common in the elderly, but also in young people. Currently, the rate of young people suffering from low blood pressure tends to increase day by day. They seriously affect their health. Therefore, people with low blood pressure need to be detected early and treated promptly to avoid dangerous complications. The following article by Dr. Hua Minh Luan will provide you with basic information about low blood pressure in young people. Let's find out together!


What is low blood pressure?

Before learning about the symptoms of low blood pressure in young people , you need to know what low blood pressure is. In the human body, the beating of the heart creates pressure on the vessel walls to bring blood flow to the parts of the body. This pressure is called blood pressure.

Blood pressure includes systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Blood pressure can rise and fall throughout the day. Blood pressure is considered normal when below 120/80 mmHg. Therefore , low blood pressure is defined as when the blood pressure reading is less than 90/60 mmHg. With systolic blood pressure less than 90 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure less than 60 mmHg.

Low blood pressure in young people: What you need to know

Blood pressure monitor shows readings of low blood pressure condition

However, for a normal healthy person, when measuring blood pressure, but the blood pressure reading is low but he has no symptoms, this is not a disease but a normal blood pressure reading of that person. Therefore, the diagnosis of low blood pressure depends on factors such as:

  • Based on the patient's previous normal blood pressure readings.
  • Anamnesis.
  • Age.
  • Sex.
  • There may be accompanying symptoms such as blurred vision, headache, dizziness, dizziness ...

Why do young people have low blood pressure?

Most people think that low blood pressure occurs in the elderly. However, nowadays young people still suffer from low blood pressure and the prevalence is increasing. So why do young people have low blood pressure? Here are some common reasons why:

  • Have chronic kidney disease or diseases that cause anemia .
  • Hormonal imbalance.
  • Excessive use of alcoholic beverages such as alcohol .
  • Smoking cigarettes .
  • Obesity .
  • Stressful mood, many pressures in life.
  • Eating at the wrong time, often skipping meals.
  • Stay up late: young people often stay up late, sleep less. Not getting enough sleep is a major cause of poor health.
  • Have diarrhea, food poisoning or a serious infection.
  • Sitting a lot, sedentary. Every time you stand up and sit down, your blood pressure will drop.
  • Use of certain medications can cause low blood pressure as a side effect.

See also: Burnout: Workplace burnout and 13 ways to recover

Low blood pressure in young people: What you need to know

Young people often work late at night, which can lead to low blood pressure

Manifestations of low blood pressure in young people

Elderly or young people when suffering from low blood pressure have similar symptoms. Here are some common signs in people with low blood pressure:

  • Dizziness , dizziness: Usually appears when changing positions suddenly such as standing up after sitting for too long, sitting up when lying down.
  • Prolonged fatigue.
  • Confusing.
  • Nausea and vomiting .
  • Dizziness, which can lead to fainting.
  • It may be difficult to breathe.
  • Cold, pale, rough skin.
  • Vision problems such as blurred vision.
  • Concerned.
  • Lack of concentration: When you have low blood pressure, there is not enough blood supply to the brain, thereby preventing brain cells from receiving enough oxygen and nutrients to function properly.

Low blood pressure in young people: What you need to know

Dizziness is a common symptom of low blood pressure

When should low blood pressure see a doctor?

Usually low blood pressure is mild and not too dangerous. However, when you regularly experience the following symptoms, you should see your doctor right away.

  • When measuring blood pressure, the blood pressure reading is abnormally low.
  • Changes in vision, difficulty breathing.
  • Frequent dizziness or fainting.
  • Irregular heartbeat or chest pain .
  • Dizziness when standing for a long time or when getting up from a sitting or lying position.

Low blood pressure if not treated and controlled well from the beginning, especially in young people, can affect health and impair some functions of the body's organs. Therefore, we should not be subjective about this disease.

See also: Doctor's advice when you have dizziness

Treatment of low blood pressure in young people

Currently, there are many methods of treating low blood pressure. One of the most common, effective and quick ways to treat low blood pressure is medication. Medicines that can be used to treat low blood pressure such as: Fludrocortisone, Midodrine, Heptaminol ...

However, it should be noted that you should not arbitrarily use it at home. Because these drugs need to be used according to the doctor's prescription. Once you've figured out what's causing your low blood pressure, your doctor will treat the cause.

Low blood pressure in young people: What you need to know

Fludrocortisone is a medicine used to treat low blood pressure

Besides medication, there are other ways to treat low blood pressure without drugs. Those specific ways include:

  • Add water: Low blood pressure can be caused by dehydration, or dehydration , blood loss. Therefore, the fastest and simplest way to cure low blood pressure is to drink lots of water. It is better to drink filtered water or maybe drink coconut or orange juice…
  • Change your position slowly: If you change your position from sitting to standing, or from lying to sitting, do it slowly. Do not change position suddenly or too quickly.
  • Increase salt in your daily diet: Your low blood pressure could be due to a lack of salt. Therefore, add salt to your daily meals.

See also: Diet for people with anemia

Prevention of low blood pressure in young people

For young people, to avoid low blood pressure we should take effective preventive measures. Here are some effective prevention methods.


  • Eat more salty than usual.
  • Supplement with nutrients, eat full meals and avoid skipping meals.
  • In your daily diet, you need to add foods that contain ingredients such as protein , vitamin C or some foods that have the effect of raising blood pressure such as: coffee , condensed tea, ginseng juice, tampons . spinach , celery , lotus seeds, raisins, almonds, licorice tea , ginger tea … These foods are very good for controlling low blood pressure.
  • Avoid foods that cause low blood pressure such as vegetables, corn silk, watermelon, pumpkin, etc.
  • Drinking plenty of water helps increase blood volume and avoid dehydration. Do not drink alcoholic beverages or carbonated drinks.

Life mode

  • Avoid staying up late. Get enough sleep and on time.
  • People with low blood pressure often experience dizziness and lightheadedness when changing positions. So when you sit up, you need to be slow. When sleeping, pillow should be low, legs high.
  • Keep the mood, the spirit is always optimistic, happy. Avoid too strong emotions such as fear, anxiety... can make the condition worse.
  • Light exercise and sports such as walking. Avoid sports with strong movements that can cause dehydration and energy loss.
  • Finally, for people with low blood pressure, regular checkups are essential for better blood pressure control.

Low blood pressure in young people: What you need to know

Periodic blood pressure check helps to timely detect and treat low blood pressure

In summary, low blood pressure in young people is a common condition nowadays. They cause annoying symptoms for everyone. Making people unable to concentrate and affecting work. The above article by Dr. Hua Minh Luan has provided you with complete information about low blood pressure in young people. If you have any questions or concerns, feel free to contact us!