Impetigo and what the doctor wants you to know

Impetigo is a common skin infection. The patient then develops blisters, blisters on the skin, which then burst and crusted with honey-yellow scabs. As the name suggests, impetigo is very contagious and can spread quickly from person to person through direct contact with secretions oozing from blisters or blisters. 

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1. Where does impetigo spread?

Impetigo is highly contagious in families and groups when there are no preventive measures for the people around. Impetigo is contagious from one person to another. Mainly through direct contact with exudates from blisters, blisters or skin abrasions of patients.

Detail:

Sharing personal items : The secretions from blisters or blisters can get on clothes, towels or bedding. Therefore, sharing these items with an infected person can spread the disease through contact with secretions.

In the case of impetigo, the comb is the medium that transmits the disease. The comb teeth easily pick up secretions from the infected person's blisters, which in turn spread to other family members.

Scratching:  Blisters, pustules or blisters, after rupture, leave scabs and itching. Patients often scratch and spread the secretions to other areas of the body.

Impetigo and what the doctor wants you to know

Impetigo is usually spread by scratching or sharing personal items

2. Is impetigo easy to cure?

Impetigo is a benign and harmless superficial bacterial infection of the skin. The disease can be treated easily without leaving any consequences later. It is important to be careful in the care of blisters and blisters so that they do not get worse and leave no scars after they heal.

 The principles of treatment

  • Antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment for bacterial infections.
  • Take care of local lesions.
  • There are measures to prevent the spread of disease in families and groups.

 Specific treatment

  • Medications: Your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. Commonly chosen antibiotics are Amoxicillin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin…
  • Skin Care: Wash the blisters, blisters and gently remove the scabs on the skin. Use antiseptic drugs Povidone iodine, hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine ... to clean the lesions on the skin.
  • The antibiotic ointment fusidic acid, mupirocin can be applied directly to the lesions. Cover the skin with blisters and blisters to avoid further damage and limit infection. Absolutely do not scratch the blisters, blisters to avoid further infection and avoid spreading to people around.
  • Prevention of spread: Impetigo is very contagious, so it is necessary to take measures to limit the spread to family members and groups.

Impetigo and what the doctor wants you to know

Depending on the case and the extent of your impetigo, the doctor will give the appropriate treatment

3. How long is the treatment for impetigo?

Impetigo is a benign disease that can clear up on its own within 3-6 weeks if left untreated. However, it is necessary to treat when infected to prevent the disease from getting worse, not to get worse, not to leave scars, and to prevent infection.

4. How to prevent impetigo from spreading?

Measures that can effectively cut off the source of infection and prevent infection include:

Take the kids out of school

Impetigo usually occurs in school-age children. So the disease can spread in classrooms and schools when children play together.

Children with impetigo should be kept at home until the scabs have dried and are no longer secreted so as not to spread the disease to classmates.

Avoid close contact

- Discharge can be transferred to other people by close contact. Therefore, avoid close contact with people who have or are suspected of having impetigo to avoid infection.

Do not share personal items

– Avoid sharing personal items with sick people such as clothes, towels, hairbrushes, etc., because it can be contaminated with secretions.

Maintain personal hygiene

– Clean skin, cover blisters, blisters or oozes with sterile gauze to prevent secretions during activities.

– Cut nails neatly to avoid scratching, breaking blisters, blisters and spreading the disease to other areas of the body.

Keeping the environment clean

The favorable factor that makes impetigo easy to start is living in a crowded, cramped environment with poor hygiene. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure that your surroundings are clean to limit disease and reduce the possibility of spreading the disease to others.

Impetigo and what the doctor wants you to know

Maintaining personal hygiene, not sharing personal items is one of the easiest ways to help children prevent impetigo.

Impetigo is a benign and harmless skin infection. Treatment of the disease is relatively simple. It's important to take care to prevent a more serious skin infection. Leave no scars and prevent infection for those around in the family and collective. 

Doctor Vo Thi Ngoc Hien

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