10 causes of heart failure you may not know

Identifying the cause of heart failure early is the key to improving treatment outcomes and preventing serious complications, such as death.

Doctors need to determine the exact cause of heart failure in order to provide an effective and appropriate treatment. In addition, this is also something patients should understand so that they can change their lifestyle to be healthier, and help improve the effectiveness of the treatment process.

Usually, heart failure is caused by one or more ongoing problems in the heart that damage or put extra stress on it. So, how many risk factors do you know that lead to this disease?

10 common causes of heart failure

Over time, the heart's ability to pump blood decreases. However, this is not a direct cause of heart failure. This condition is mainly caused by damage to the heart as well as problems that place an additional burden on this organ.

On the other hand, all lifestyle-related factors that increase your risk of heart attack or stroke are highly likely to contribute to heart failure, including:

  • Smoke
  • Overweight
  • Eat foods high in fat or cholesterol
  • Lazy exercise and physical training

10 causes of heart failure you may not know • SignsSymptomsList.com

Smoking increases the risk of developing heart failure

Thus, it can be said that the cause of heart failure in a person is more likely to stem from the following health conditions or risk factors, such as:

1. Coronary artery disease

The accumulation of cholesterol and fat in the arteries to the heart interferes with blood flow. As a result, atherosclerosis makes the number of red blood cells that the heart receives less, which leads to many other complications such as angina or even a heart attack (in case the capillaries are completely blocked).

In addition, coronary artery disease is also a direct factor contributing to high blood pressure, long-term risk of reducing heart function over time.

2. Myocardial Infarction

A heart attack tends to happen when the artery that supplies blood to the heart muscle becomes blocked. The lack of oxygen and nutrients will cause serious damage to the heart tissue. Since then, the heart's contractile activity becomes more difficult, and over time, it gradually weakens the organ's ability to pump blood.

3. Hypertension

High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most common diseases worldwide. In theory, the most susceptible subjects are the elderly. However, in recent years, hypertension is gradually tended to rejuvenate.

According to experts, ineffective control or treatment of high blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart failure. The pressure to pump blood around the body in the capillaries is too high, which means that the heart has to work harder than usual to produce such a strong thrust. This causes severe damage to the heart muscle.

10 causes of heart failure you may not know • SignsSymptomsList.com

High blood pressure is one of the direct factors leading to heart failure

For people at risk for heart failure, a doctor may prescribe medication to bring blood pressure back to less than 130/80 mmHg.

4. Abnormal heart valve

Valve-related problems often arise due to factors such as:

  • Sick
  • Infection
  • Birth defects

When the valves don't open or close completely with each heartbeat, the heart muscle has to pump harder to keep the blood moving normally. Over time, this workload becomes the cause of heart failure.

5. Cardiomyopathy

Common cardiomyopathies may include dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or myocarditis. Any damage to the heart muscle, from substance abuse to viral infection, is a risk factor for developing heart failure.

6. Congenital heart disease

If the heart in general and the chambers of the heart in particular do not develop normally right from the womb, the remaining organs will have to work harder to compensate for this congenital defect.

Therefore, congenital heart disease is also evaluated as a common cause of heart failure.

7. Serious lung disease

Sometimes heart failure can be caused by a serious lung condition. The reason is that when the function of the lungs is significantly reduced, the workload of the heart will increase to be able to adequately supply oxygen to all cells in the body.

10 causes of heart failure you may not know • SignsSymptomsList.com

Sometimes heart failure problems can even stem from serious lung disease

8. Diabetes

Many scientists have proven that having diabetes or having diabetes increases the risk of developing heart failure.

The reason lies in the fact that people with diabetes tend to have other conditions such as high blood pressure or atherosclerosis. Both of these problems are precursors to heart failure.

9. Obesity

Compared to people of a healthy weight, being overweight makes your heart work harder. On the other hand, obesity is also one of the causes of sleep apnea and also contributes to cardiomyopathy.

10. Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea can occur in anyone. This type of sleep disorder is more likely to be life-threatening if you don't take action in time.

Intermittent breathing not only causes fatigue, but can also make the body weak. In addition, sleep apnea can increase the risk of complications and interfere with tasks that require alertness.

On the other hand, it is also a common risk factor for a variety of health conditions, such as:

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Stroke

All of these problems are direct causes of heart failure. Therefore, many researchers have classified sleep apnea into the list of common risk factors for heart failure.

Few factors contribute to heart failure

Sometimes, the cause of heart failure can come from a state in which the heart cannot meet the body's needs. According to many experts, this case is relatively rare.

However, if you find yourself in this situation, you may encounter any of the following problems, including:

Significantly lower red blood cell count

This condition is also called severe anemia.

10 causes of heart failure you may not know • SignsSymptomsList.com

Anemia can also be linked to heart failure

When the number of red blood cells is not enough to carry oxygen and nutrients to the whole body, the heart will try to speed up the rate of sending blood to other organs. This can temporarily meet the minimum needs of the body, but puts an extra burden on the heart.

Overactive thyroid

An overactive thyroid is called hyperthyroidism. This condition can speed up how the body works. From there, the heart will have to work harder to try to keep up.

Irregular heartbeat

The term arrhythmia usually refers to a condition in which a person's heart rhythm is irregular or unstable. If the heart beats too fast or too slowly, the amount of blood used to nourish the organs in the body may not be able to supply the nutrients and oxygen that are required.

At this point, if you do not identify and thoroughly treat the cause of the disease, heart failure can occur.

summary

Heart failure is mainly caused by two factors:

  • Injury to important internal organs
  • The workload of the heart is too much

In fact, this is one of the problems with a high risk of death. Therefore, identifying the exact cause of heart failure as soon as possible will greatly improve your risk of developing these risks.


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