Dysphagia: Causes and Treatment

Dysphagia is pain when swallowing food or water. Prolonged painful swallowing can be associated with many serious potential health risks.

Let's find out the causes and treatment of this disease in the following article.

What is painful swallowing?

Dynophagia is the medical term used to describe pain when swallowing. You may feel pain in your mouth, throat, or esophagus when you eat or drink.

Painful swallowing can be associated with many underlying health problems. Therefore, there is no specific cause or specific treatment indicated for this disease.

Dysphagia: Causes and Treatment • SignsSymptomsList.com

Differentiate between painful swallowing and dysphagia

Painful swallowing is still often confused with dysphagia. Compared with dysphagia, dysphagia occurs more frequently and is more common in older adults.

Similar to dysphagia, dysphagia is associated with many different causes. So the treatment will depend on the underlying health problem you have. Dysphagia can be so severe that you cannot swallow anything.

Dysphagia and dysphagia can occur at the same time. However, you may also have trouble swallowing without feeling pain. In this case, chances are high that you just have dysphagia. In contrast, dysphagia only causes pain, not difficulty swallowing.

Causes of painful swallowing

Dysphagia can be related to a minor health problem, such as the common cold. In such cases, the painful swallowing will go away on its own after a while.

Chronic pain swallowing can result from many other causes. Serious health problems that cause painful swallowing include:

Cancer

Persistent pain in swallowing can be an early sign of esophageal cancer. Pain is caused by tumors growing inside the patient's esophagus. Esophageal cancer often results from smoking, alcohol, chronic heartburn, or genetics.

Candida Nấm

Candida is an infection-causing fungus that can multiply and grow inside the oral cavity. This fungus is often contagious and causes symptoms related to the esophagus, such as painful swallowing.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is caused by improper opening and closing of the lower esophageal sphincter. As a result, stomach acid leaks back into the esophagus. GERD can cause painful swallowing and many other symptoms, such as heartburn or chest pain.

Dysphagia: Causes and Treatment • SignsSymptomsList.com

HIV

According to Healthline, esophageal problems are quite common in people with HIV. Some antiretroviral drugs used to treat HIV can cause acid reflux. The reflux then leads to other symptoms, such as painful swallowing.

sores

Sores appear inside the mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach. This condition can also stem from persistent and untreated gastroesophageal reflux. In addition, regular use of anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB) can also increase the risk of sores in these areas.

Medical treatment

Certain medical treatments are also triggers for dysphagia, such as radiation therapy for cancer. In addition, some prescription drugs can also lead to this condition.

Diagnosing painful swallowing

Dysphagia is usually diagnosed by endoscopy. Your doctor will use a specialized device, called an endoscope, placed inside your throat to look at your esophagus. At the same time, your doctor may also ask you to make a swallowing motion while examining your esophagus.

You may also be ordered to have other tests related to the potential cause of painful swallowing.

Treatment of painful swallowing

The choice of treatment for painful swallowing will depend on the cause of it.

Drug treatment

Depending on the underlying medical condition, dysphagia can be treated with medication. Prescription medications used to treat GERD can help prevent stomach acid from backing up into the throat and esophagus. Therefore, they can also help with pain when swallowing.

Dysphagia: Causes and Treatment • SignsSymptomsList.com

The drug may also be used in the treatment of other underlying causes, such as HIV and infections. If you have pain when swallowing due to a Candida infection, your doctor will prescribe antifungal medications.

Surgery

In cases where you have esophageal tumors or carcinomas, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove these tumors. Surgery is also indicated for GERD if drug therapy is not effective.

Painful swallowing can go away on its own with time

If there is no underlying medical problem, painful swallowing may go away on its own over time, such as in the case of painful swallowing caused by a cold or allergies.


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