Symptoms of elevated liver enzymes: not as simple as you think

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What are the symptoms of elevated liver enzymes?

The liver is the largest internal organ in the body. When liver function is not stable, large amounts of enzymes produced by this organ are released into the bloodstream. This condition is called elevated liver enzymes.

Usually, a doctor will check a person's liver enzyme levels if they have signs of liver disease.

Reason

What are the causes of elevated liver enzymes?

If the test results show high levels of liver enzymes in the blood, the doctor will conduct an investigation to find the cause. In addition to questions about lifestyle as well as diet and eating habits, they may also ask you to do some more in-depth tests.

In most cases, the cause of elevated liver enzymes is mainly fatty liver disease. According to research, about 25-51% of people with high liver enzyme levels experience this health problem.

In addition, a number of other health conditions can also contribute to symptoms of elevated liver enzymes in the blood, including:

  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Hepatitis, including autoimmune hepatitis
  • Problems arising from the use of alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, etc.) or drugs
  • Cirrhosis
  • Celiac disease (gluten intolerance)
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection
  • Liver Cancer
  • Too much iron
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • Septicemia
  • Wilson's disease
  • Polymyositis

On the other hand, sometimes high liver enzyme levels can also be a side effect of certain medications, such as pain relievers or statins.

Symptom

Signs and symptoms of elevated liver enzymes

In fact, high levels of liver enzymes in the blood have no symptoms of their own. Most of the symptoms patients encounter come from causes of elevated liver enzymes, such as:

  • Fatty liver: fatigue, weakness, right abdominal pain…
  • Metabolic syndrome: abnormally high cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar, overweight, obesity...
  • Hepatitis: fatigue, muscle and joint pain, nausea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, fever, skin color and whites of the eyes tend to turn yellow.
  • Cirrhosis: fatigue, itchy skin, weakness, jaundice…

Diagnosis and treatment

The information provided is not a substitute for medical professional advice. Always consult your doctor.

What medical techniques help diagnose elevated liver enzymes?

A blood test is a type of medical procedure used to check a person's liver enzyme levels. The two most important indicators in this case include:

  • Alanin transaminase (ALT): plays a role in helping the body convert protein into energy
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST): responsible for helping to metabolize the amino acid alanine

Usually, your doctor will use the ratio between AST and ALT to diagnose the health problem you are having.

Therefore, if the test results show abnormally elevated ALT or AST levels, the specialist will ask you to continue to perform other medical techniques to strengthen the accuracy of the diagnosis of the cause. cause symptoms of elevated liver enzymes.

Methods to treat symptoms of elevated liver enzymes

Experts will rely on the cause of elevated liver enzymes to suggest the most effective and appropriate treatment for the patient, such as:

Fatty liver disease

Losing weight is the first priority that people with fatty liver disease need to do if they want to get well quickly. A doctor may advise a person to make lifestyle changes to lose weight, such as:

  • Exercise hard
  • Build a healthy, nutritious diet
  • Try to burn more calories than you consume
  • Limit or stay away from alcoholic beverages

Symptoms of elevated liver enzymes: not as simple as you think • SignsSymptomsList.com

Paying attention to your diet can help improve symptoms of elevated liver enzymes caused by fatty liver disease.

Metabolic syndrome

Some commonly used measures to treat symptoms of elevated liver enzymes caused by metabolic syndrome include:

  • Weight loss
  • Regular physical exercise
  • Adopt a healthy, balanced diet
  • Good control of blood sugar
  • Limit stress (meditation, yoga, journaling, sharing feelings with friends, relatives, etc.)

Hepatitis

Treatment for hepatitis will depend on whether the disease is acute or chronic. Your doctor may recommend some of the following treatments for acute hepatitis:

  • Rest in bed
  • Add more water to the body
  • Stay away from alcoholic beverages

In addition, a treatment regimen for chronic hepatitis is likely to include antiviral drugs.

Disorders caused by alcohol abuse or drug use

Symptoms of elevated liver enzymes can also be caused by alcohol abuse or drug use. In this case, treatment options usually include:

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Prescription drugs

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis refers to the formation of permanent scar tissue here, so not all cases can be treated.

Experts always encourage people to recognize early signs of liver disease and seek timely intervention, thereby avoiding permanent liver damage. In addition, focusing on healthy eating, weight as well as the frequency of alcohol consumption is also a simple but effective way to reduce the risk of liver damage.

Prevent

What measures help prevent elevated liver enzymes?

To prevent elevated liver enzyme levels, what you need to do is prevent liver diseases from occurring. Some of the methods to prevent health related problems are often mentioned such as:

  • Consider alcohol and beer consumption
  • Safe sex
  • Do not share needles
  • Fully vaccinated
  • Do not arbitrarily use drugs without the guidance of experts
  • Maintain a healthy weight

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