Symptoms of heel spurs (plantar fasciitis/plantar fasciitis)

Heel spurs are common in middle-aged people but can also occur in young people, especially those who use their feet a lot, such as athletes or military personnel.

The plantar fascia is a group of connective tissues that support and anchor other structures in the foot. Heel spurs occur when these bands of connective tissue become irritated and inflammatory reactions occur in the plantar fascia and heel. This is a common cause of heel pain. Heel spurs are common in middle-aged people but can also occur in young people, especially those who use their feet a lot, such as athletes or military personnel.

Symptoms of heel spurs

Heel spurs can occur in one or both feet. Pain is the primary symptom and the site of pain can be anywhere on the underside of the foot. However, the most common site of pain is the area 4cm forward of the heel, which can be more painful to the touch.

The pain is usually worst when you take your first steps when you wake up in the morning or after a long period of lying down or sitting down. Gentle exercise can alleviate pain symptoms. Long walks will make the pain worse. If you walk a short distance but walk on tiptoe or go up stairs, the pain may also be worse. Sometimes the pain can make you limp.

The danger elements

Although heel spurs can occur for no apparent reason, there are a number of factors that can increase your risk of plantar fasciitis, including:

  • Age. It is most common between the ages of 40 and 60;
  • Some kind of exercise. Physical exercises that put a lot of weight on the feet and heels, such as long-distance running, aerobics, dancing, etc. can cause heel spurs to appear earlier;
  • Specific work. Factory workers, surgeons, teachers, or those who spend most of their time walking or standing can also injure the plantar fascia leading to heel spurs;
  • Foot construction. Unfavorable foot structures such as too high arches or too flat feet, and abnormal gait will also affect the likelihood of heel spurs;
  • Fat. Being overweight puts extra pressure on your foot scales.

Complications

If left untreated, heel spurs can lead to chronic heel pain that makes it difficult to do your daily activities. In addition, the pain caused by heel spurs can lead to gait abnormalities, making you more susceptible to some diseases of the feet, knees, and hips.

If you suspect you have heel spurs, see your doctor for a closer examination. Your doctor will examine your feet, watch you stand and walk. You may also have an X-ray of your foot to look for bone abnormalities in your foot, such as a fracture.


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