Gonorrhea: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

1. Overview of Gonorrhea

What is gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is a very common sexually transmitted infection, caused by a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus. This type of bacteria usually appears in the vagina, cervix, eyes, mouth, anus, and especially in the male urethra.

6 Gonorrhea in Women Symptoms, Treatment, Test & Prevention

Gonorrhea occurs in all people and all ages, but it is most common among men and women aged 15 to 24.


2. Causes of Gonorrhea

The main cause of gonorrhea is Neisseria gonorrhea. This type of bacteria exists in the moist, sensitive, and vulnerable skin mucosa such as penis, anus, mouth ...

In addition, because this bacterium can survive for a few minutes in the outside environment, the indirect cause that can cause gonorrhea is shared tools such as towels, toothbrushes, open wounds, infusions. from mother to child ...


3.Signs and symptoms of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea can occur in both men and women with different and ambiguous symptoms that are easy to confuse with other infections. However, it is still worth paying attention to recognize the following early-stage gonorrhea symptoms:

For men with gonorrhea :

A burning sensation when urinating.

Appearance of yellow, white, green secretions on the penis

Testicular pain, swelling

For women with gonorrhea

Most women who get gonorrhea do not have any symptoms. Symptoms are also mild symptoms that are easy to confuse with other infections such as vaginal infections, bladder infections. Therefore, we can detect some symptoms of gonorrhea in women when they have gone through a severe stage such as:

Pain or burning when urinating.

Increased secretion of vaginal discharge

Vaginal bleeding between menstrual cycles.

In addition to the separate symptoms in men and women as above, there are also symptoms that appear in both men and women such as:

Anal itching




Painful defecation


3. The way of transmission of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a common infectious disease and can be spread through the following ways:

Unsafe sex: this is the main cause of gonorrhea, accounting for 90% of the total causes. People who have unsafe and complicated sex lives are both victims of gonorrhea and a major source of disease in society. Unsafe anal or oral sex will be favorable conditions for cocci to attack and cause illness in humans. Although using condoms when having sex, people with gonorrhea also have the potential to spread the disease due to such cases as: broken condoms, poor quality, or infection through the process. infiltration of gonococci in the secretions during sex.

Due to sharing personal items with sick people: the gonorrhea bacteria can exist in the human body, and especially it can survive in the outside environment for a few minutes such as towels, towels, brush. teeth ... so if we accidentally use these objects, we also risk gonorrhea.

Due to blood transmission: this is one of the most common ways of gonorrhea infection, namely from blood transfusions, blood donation, or sharing syringes with infected people. In addition, because people who already have gonorrhea are not treated early, gonococci develop everywhere in the body, including mucus and blood from open wounds of already infected patients. If we come into contact with these wounds will also easily get sick. Therefore, people who have a healthy, safe sex life, who do not have sex with someone who has gonorrhea but have contact with the sick person are still at risk.

Due to mother-to-child transmission: this is the route of transmission with gonorrhea with the most complications. A woman who gets gonorrhea during childbirth can infect her baby during childbirth. Therefore, the fetus will be at risk for intellectual and physical development.


4. Who are at risk of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is more common in men than in women, especially those who have sex regularly.

The risk factors that increase your chances of getting gonorrhea are:

Unsafe sex

Have sex with many people

Have other sexually transmitted diseases.

Prevention of Gonorrhea

Since gonorrhea is one of the most common and difficult to treat social infectious diseases today and is easy to recur, it is important to know about methods to prevent gonorrhea:

Have safe sex

Maintain a long term bilateral relationship with subjects who have been tested as negative for gonorrhea.

Use condoms and mouth guards correctly when having sex


5. Diagnostic measures for Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea can be diagnosed using the following methods:

Clinical symptoms of gonorrhea in the early stages are: burning sensation when urinating, yellow, white, green discharge on the penis, pain, swelling of the testicles in men, and pain or burning when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding between menstrual cycles in women.

Check a urine sample

If you have anal and oral sex, you can use gauze to collect samples from the throat and rectum. Some cases use gauze to collect samples from the male urethra, the female cervix for testing.


6. Treatment measures for Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea can be cured if we use appropriate treatment for the patient and the patient must follow the doctor's instructions during treatment. Gonorrhea should also be treated as soon as possible to avoid causing dangerous complications for the patient.

The two popular ways to cure gonorrhea today are:

Treatment of gonorrhea with drugs:

This is a traditional treatment for gonorrhea that was selected many years ago with the advantages of convenience, less time and cost for the patient. This is an appropriate method for patients with early stage gonorrhea with mild symptoms that require long-term, persistent treatment to be effective. Medicines for treatment are antibiotics, in the form of an oral or an injection. It is increasingly difficult to treat gonorrhea with drugs as resistant variants of the disease increase.

Treatment of gonorrhea with DHA gene recovery technique:

This method is considered as the most advanced and effective treatment for gonorrhea today. The method is based on the principles of advanced thermoelectric technology and direct impact heat radiation techniques and the most accurate location of gonorrhea bacteria. The advantage of this method is to treat the disease effectively, thoroughly, completely prevent and eradicate the development of gonorrhea. In addition, this method does not need a procedure, causes no pain to the patient, does not cause side effects, takes time to treat and recovers quickly, reducing effort and cost during the treatment.

In addition, patients with gonorrhea should have the following lifestyle habits to support the treatment process more effectively and quickly:

Drink plenty of water to rehydrate the body and promote excretion, contribute to cleaning the urethra, pushing gonorrhea bacteria out of the body.

Combine treatment with spouse / partner who are having sex with themselves.

Absolutely do not have sex during the treatment of the disease.

After the course of treatment, patients need safe, healthy sex.

There is a regimen of activity, nutrition, and sleep on time to improve the body's resistance.

Regular body hygiene, especially where gonorrhea bacteria enter the body.