Eye styes: Causes, symptoms and treatment

Swollen eyes are not only uncomfortable for the patient, but also cause a loss of aesthetics for the eyes.


What is an eye stye?

A stye is a swelling, possibly with pus, that appears on the eyelids. The eyelids have a lot of small sebaceous glands around the eyelashes. When dirt, dead cells and sebum build up can clog or block these glands.

When a sebaceous gland is blocked, bacteria can grow inside and cause styes. Bacteria, especially staphylococcus, are the cause of acute inflammation.

You can learn more: Eye styes: What you need to know and how to prevent

Eye styes: Causes, symptoms and treatment

Symptoms of styes

  • Pain and swelling of the eyelids and eyelids;
  • More tears, fear of light, feeling like there is a foreign body in the eye;
  • A hard lump forms on the eyelid, which may contain pus;

Eye styes can appear in one eye or both eyes, can recur after they are gone. In particular, this is a very contagious infection in the community.

Ways to cure eye styes 

To reduce pain and swelling, you can apply warm compresses to your eyes for about 10-15 minutes several times a day. Warm water will help open the pores in the eyelids and prevent further progression of the disease. To clean the eyes, you need to combine eye wash, eye drops with physiological saline several times a day.

If you feel uncomfortable, affecting your daily life, you should go to a medical facility. If you are diagnosed with a sty, your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics for you to clear the pus in the early stages. Over-the-counter pain relievers may also be used to reduce discomfort caused by styes.

For large or persistent styes, topical corticosteroids can be used. You need to wash your hands before letting your hands come into direct contact with your eyes, after applying you should wash your hands with soap to avoid spreading to the remaining healthy eyes and the community.

You can learn more: Conjunctivitis signs, causes and treatment

Eye styes: Causes, symptoms and treatment

In severe cases, the doctor may prescribe minor surgery to make a small incision in the area with pus to drain the pus.

You can learn more: Trachoma: Symptoms – Causes – Treatment

Eye styes are common infections and are highly contagious in the community, which can become epidemics. When you have a stye, you should go to a medical facility for diagnosis, eye hygiene, and avoid sharing towels with others.