What you need to know about prostate calcification

Prostate calcification is a fairly common condition in men today. Although not too dangerous, without obvious symptoms and without treatment, some cases can appear dangerous complications in the prostate and need timely treatment intervention. So, what is prostate calcification, is it dangerous, and how is it treated? All will be revealed by SignsSymptomsList shortly.


What is prostate calcification?


Prostate calcification is calcium deposition in the prostate gland . This is considered a benign condition when men have no symptoms, only discovered incidentally on ultrasound or X-ray. The common image is calcified nodules of different sizes.

The cause of this condition is still unknown. However, according to research, it was found that prostate calcification often occurs in elderly men with a history of diseases such as prostatitis , prostate enlargement, prostate cancer, after prostate cancer. Enlargement surgery, after prostate cancer treatment.

The most common is postinflammatory prostate calcification . The inflammatory process promotes a fibrotic reaction in the gland, thereby forming calcification spots. Sometimes it can also be caused by inflammation blocking the duct, causing fluid accumulation to form calcifications or stones.

What you need to know about prostate calcification

Prostate calcification sometimes presents with unpleasant symptoms


Usually, the disease is discovered by chance through ultrasound examination. Most men do not feel symptoms until the condition becomes more severe. Then, they will begin to feel unusual signs. Note pain in the perineum, lower back, and penis. Sometimes the pain comes on suddenly in the groin and abdomen with discomfort in the genitals. Sometimes there are urinary symptoms such as: difficulty urinating, painful urination, nocturia. Some cases appear pale yellow semen, flowing in a stream during sex.

Is prostate calcification dangerous?

Usually prostate calcifications are benign and do not cause any symptoms. So no treatment is needed. However, when the size of the calcified nodules gradually increases, complications such as:

Chronic prostatitis

The condition of calcified nodules compresses the urinary tract, causing stagnation of urine, creating conditions for bacteria to grow and cause disease. Common symptoms of prostatitis are usually: painful urination, blood in urine, cloudy urine, painful ejaculation, bloody ejaculation... This persistent condition can hinder treatment because antibiotics are difficult. penetrates directly into the prostate gland.

Decreased fertility

Semen secretion is affected by chronic prostatitis. This results in a decrease in the quantity and quality of semen. Semen is considered as the medium that nourishes and protects sperm. When the amount of semen decreases, the sperm is unprotected and undernourished, thereby reducing the probability of conception.

What you need to know about prostate calcification

Prostate calcification impairs both semen quantity and quality

Causes urinary tract infections and stones

Calcified nodules insert into the urinary tract causing stagnation of urine. Thereby causing recurrent infections that increase the risk of bladder stones.

Decreased kidney function

Untreated recurrent infections can cause infection upstream of the kidney and affect kidney function.

In addition, prostate calcification can also be associated with some diseases such as prostate enlargement. Or sometimes a more dangerous disease like prostate cancer. Therefore, this condition should not be underestimated when there are no symptoms, but it is necessary to pay attention to follow up to prevent the above complications.

Treatment of prostate calcification

If the calcified nodule is not too large and numerous, no treatment for prostate calcification is needed . It is only necessary to take preventive measures against prostatitis and to regularly monitor the growth of calcifications.

In case of prostatitis or other accompanying diseases, it should be diagnosed and treated promptly. Currently, there are 2 main treatment methods applied: medical treatment and surgical treatment.

Internally medical treatment

Medical treatment mainly uses the following methods to minimize prostatitis:

Use of oral antibiotics

For acute inflammation, the use of oral antibiotics is quite effective method. However, for chronic prostatitis, this treatment method faces many obstacles because antibiotics do not penetrate directly into the prostate gland. At the same time, the development of drug-resistant bacteria is also a factor hindering medical treatment.

Therefore, if chronic prostatitis is diagnosed, do not change the drug or increase the dose on your own because it can cause liver and kidney toxicity. If the infection is recurrent, the method of consideration is usually surgical treatment.

Using injectables

Inject antibiotics directly into the prostate to support oral antibiotics. However, as with oral antibiotics, long-term use of injectable drugs can also increase resistance. In addition, these methods only kill bacteria, not completely treat calcified nodules.

Physical therapy

In addition to using drugs, physical therapy methods have been and brought about high efficiency. This method increases the perfusion of the prostate gland to support the better effect of oral antibiotics. It also relieves congestion in the gland, reduces the risk of infection, and clears the blocked gland.

The commonly applied physical therapy methods are: local massage, ultrasound therapy. Therapeutic ultrasound heats deep within the gland and increases perfusion. However, it cannot kill the bacteria, so it cannot be considered the main treatment. It should only be used as a supportive measure in the course of treatment and prevention of complications.

Surgical treatment

Surgical treatment for prostate calcification is usually indicated when:

  • Large calcified nodules affect sexual function. Or causing recurrent prostatitis that does not respond well to medical treatment should consider surgical intervention.
  • Calcification with prostatic hypertrophy and high degree of enlargement can only be surgically treated.
  • Biopsy of calcified nodules revealed malignant cells.

Depending on the specific case, doctors will choose laparoscopic or open surgery.

What you need to know about prostate calcification

Surgical treatment is often indicated when drug therapy is not successful

What should be done to prevent complications of prostate calcification?

If prostate calcification has appeared symptoms such as: painful urination, dysuria, blood in urine, sexual dysfunction, etc., medical or surgical treatment should be considered.

In addition, the patient needs:

  • Limit salty, spicy, spicy and hot foods.
  • Drink enough water every day. When prostate calcification needs to drink enough 2.0-2.5 liters of water per day. To clean urine, clear the urinary tract and reduce the risk of infection.
  • Practice sports regularly. Pelvic support exercises such as walking, yoga ... are recommended to support very good treatment.
  • Clean body. Clean the genitals daily to reduce the risk of infection.
  • Limit the use of stimulants, alcohol, coffee, tobacco.
  • If you are married, you should maintain a regular and regular sex life.
  • Perform physical therapy, massage gland stimulation. To relieve blockage in the gland, reduce the risk of infection, clear the duct.

Prostate calcification is usually not dangerous, so men can live without needing treatment. However, they can also be the "culprits" of bacterial infections. Therefore, people with the disease should pay attention to regular health monitoring to promptly detect other dangerous complications.