The doctor replied, “Can testicular atrophy be cured?”

The testicles are two oval-shaped organs in the male reproductive system. The testicles are important for sperm production and storage. However, due to some congenital causes or adverse external influences, men are at risk of developing testicular atrophy – which affects the male reproductive quality. “Can testicular atrophy be cured?” It is always the patient's concern. Let's join SignsSymptomsList to answer this question through the article below.


Overview of testicular atrophy

What is testicular atrophy?

Testicular atrophy is different from thermal expansion of the testicles. In low temperature conditions, the scrotum is responsible for keeping the testicles warm by pulling the testicles closer to the body to maintain temperature. Under normal conditions, the scrotum expands back to its normal position. This elasticity makes the testicles feel larger or smaller than normal.

However, testicular atrophy is a contraction, shrinking in terms of the actual size and weight of the testicle in the scrotum. Testicular atrophy causes men's sperm to decrease in quantity and quality, and testosterone levels are lower than normal. This can affect male fertility.

Therefore, this is a disease that worries many people, wondering if the disease can be completely cured or testicular atrophy can be related .

The doctor replied, “Can testicular atrophy be cured?”

Location of testicles

Signs of testicular atrophy

The main sign of testicular atrophy is shrinkage of one or both testicles. However, depending on the age of the patient, there may be other symptoms.

Pre-puberty signs

For people who haven't gone through puberty, symptoms of testicular atrophy can be:

  • No beard growth.
  • No pubic hair growth.
  • Abnormally large penis size,

Signs after puberty

Where the patient has gone through puberty or is an adult, symptoms include:

  • Reduced muscle mass.
  • Reduced sex drive.
  • Underdeveloped beard, body hair.
  • Abnormally soft testicles.

Causes of testicular atrophy

We need to know the cause of the disease. Testicular atrophy can be due to hormone imbalance or related to genital pathology.

Hormonal imbalance

Hormonal imbalances can sometimes lead to testicular atrophy. Some causes of hormone imbalance will cause the body to reduce or not produce more Testosterone. This causes the testicles to shrink.

  • Use Testosterone replacement therapy.
  • Estrogen abuse.


Some diseases of the body are also the cause of testicular atrophy. Therefore, men need to understand their disease condition in order to have timely and effective treatment. These diseases include:


This is pain and swelling in the testicles. It can also cause some of the symptoms of the flu, such as fever or chills. Initially, due to swelling, the testicles are abnormally large, but if left untreated, the testicles can gradually shrink.

Orchitis can be caused by the mumps virus or sexually transmitted bacteria.

Testicular torsion

This condition occurs when one testicle rotates on its own resulting in a torsion of the spermatic cord. This interferes with blood flow to the testicles, causing pain and swelling in the testicles. If left untreated, testicular torsion can lead to permanent testicular atrophy.

Varicose veins

This is a condition in which the veins that pass through the scrotum become dilated and enlarged. Varicoceles often develop insidiously. Most when discovered, the disease has greatly affected the size of the testicles.

In addition, in men with a history of alcohol abuse there is a very high rate of testicular atrophy. The reason given by experts is that alcohol can cause both low testosterone and damage to testicular tissue.

Diagnosis of testicular atrophy

Usually, doctors will ask questions about the patient's medical history and sexual habits. Depending on the case, your doctor may recommend some related tests such as:

  • Testicular ultrasound.
  • Blood tests
  • Urine test.
  • Check hormone levels.

The doctor may also examine the testicles directly. Abnormal changes in the structure, size and hardness of the testicles help doctors diagnose the disease more accurately.

Can testicular atrophy be cured?

The treatment of testicular atrophy largely depends on the cause. Some of the current treatment methods include:

  • Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria.
  • In case the level of testosterone hormone is too low, the patient needs to supplement with hormone to improve testicular atrophy.
  • Using drugs to increase testicle size, support sperm production, increase male fertility.
  • If the cause is due to complicated diseases such as testicular torsion, the patient will be indicated for surgery.

The doctor replied, “Can testicular atrophy be cured?”

Antibiotics are indicated for patients with testicular atrophy due to bacterial infection

Thus, testicular atrophy  can be cured if the patient is detected early and treated properly. The treatment requires additional advice from the doctor such as:

  • Make healthy lifestyle changes.
  • Follow a reasonable diet, limit the use of beer and alcohol.
  • Exercise regularly to improve health as well as increase blood circulation to the genital area.
  • Avoid sitting or standing for too long.
  • Thorough treatment of diseases affecting the testicles such as: Orchitis, testicular varicose veins, testicular torsion, etc.
  • Vaccinate against mumps.
  • Test your testicles regularly.

Above is the answer to "Can testicular atrophy be cured?". Although testicular atrophy cannot be easily cured immediately, however, if the patient is detected early and adheres to the treatment prescribed by the doctor, the patient will have a better outcome.