Ear pain when swallowing: What causes it?

Ear pain when swallowing can have many causes. Therefore, you should not be subjective but need to visit the hospital for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Let's find out the causes of ear pain when swallowing and how to treat it in the following article.

Having an earache due to an ear infection

Ear infections are a common cause of ear pain when swallowing. Most ear infections, which appear in the middle ear, are caused by bacteria or viruses. The disease often causes swelling, fluid buildup, and ear irritation, causing discomfort and pain.

Ear infections are common in both children and adults. Ear infections in adults can have different symptoms than ear infections in children.

Middle ear infection

Middle ear infection is also called acute otitis media. This is damage and inflammation caused by bacteria in the space behind the eardrum. The middle ear contains small bones that allow you to hear sounds. It is connected to the pharynx by a small tube called the eustachian tube.

Most ear infections come from other health problems, such as colds, flu, sinusitis, or allergies. The eustachian tube sucks fluid from the middle ear. In some cases, this tube can become blocked causing fluid to build up and cause an infection.

The eustachian tube is also responsible for maintaining pressure in the middle ear. When you swallow, yawn, or sneeze, the eustachian tube opens to release pressure. If your ear becomes infected, it will cause pain.

Ear pain when swallowing: Why?  • SignsSymptomsList.com

Signs of an ear infection in young children may include:

  • Ear pain when lying down
  • Ear twitching or pulling on the ear (occurs with other symptoms)
  • Crying
  • Irritability, irritability
  • Fever over 38°C
  • Doesn't taste good
  • Drainage from the ear
  • Overbalance
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Headache

Middle ear infections in adults can have symptoms such as:

  • Mild fever
  • Ear hurt
  • Drainage from the ear
  • Poor hearing

Many middle ear infections clear up on their own within a week. Oral antibiotics can help ease an infection, especially in young children.

Outer ear infection

An outer ear infection is usually caused by water that collects in your ear canal after swimming or bathing. This creates a moist environment that is ideal for bacteria and fungi to thrive.

Ear pain when swallowing: Why?  • SignsSymptomsList.com

However, there are also cases of external ear infections that are not caused by standing water in the ear. Germs can get into the ear canal through a foreign object, such as your finger. In addition to us, skin problems like eczema can also be the cause of an outer ear infection.

The pain from an outer ear infection is often worse when the ear is pulled or when you chew or swallow food. The pain may spread to the entire face around the infected ear.

Other symptoms of an outer ear infection include:

  • Red and swollen ears
  • Itching inside the ear
  • Ear discharge has an unpleasant odor
  • The feeling of fullness in the ear
  • Hard to hear

External ear infections can usually be cured with ear drops in 7-10 days. In addition, over-the-counter pain relievers can provide effective pain relief during recovery.

Suffering from ear pain due to infection of the nose and throat

Ear infections are the most common cause of ear pain. In addition, ear pain can also stem from an infection of the nose or throat.

In children, ear pain caused by infections of the nose and throat can cause complications. At this time, the child's immune system is affected. Behind the nasal passages, near the eustachian tubes, are small masses of tissue called adenoids. These adenoids play an important role in the immune system of children.

Adenoids react to germs that enter through a child's mouth and nose. Sometimes, the adenoids get too large, blocking the eustachian tube, leading to middle ear infections.

Tonsillitis

The tonsils are lymphatic tissue located at the back of the throat. Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils, causing pain and swelling.

Ear pain when swallowing: Why?  • SignsSymptomsList.com

The main symptom of tonsillitis is a sore throat. Other symptoms may include:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Lymph nodes in the neck become sensitive
  • Swelling, redness, or inflammation of the tonsils
  • Appearance of white patches at the back of the throat
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Stomachache
  • Rash
  • Halitosis
  • Hoarseness

The most common cause of tonsillitis is a bacterial infection. Tonsillitis is usually caused by the bacteria that causes strep throat (group A Streptococcus). Using antibiotics is the most effective and commonly used method of tonsillitis treatment.

Abscess around the tonsils

A peritonsillar abscess is a collection of pus around one of your tonsils. This disease is often a complication of untreated tonsillitis. The pain of a peritonsillar abscess is usually quite severe and markedly worse than a common sore throat.

Abscesses usually occur in only one tonsil. As a result, you will feel a lot of pain on one side.

Ear pain when swallowing: Why?  • SignsSymptomsList.com

Abscesses around the tonsils usually cause pain in the ear on the affected side. When you swallow, you may experience a very severe earache. In addition, you may also experience pain when opening your mouth.

In most cases, minor surgery is needed to completely treat the abscess. The doctor will make an incision or use a fine needle to drain the pus. They may also prescribe antibiotics to treat the underlying tonsillitis and prevent the abscess from recurring.

Other causes of ear pain when swallowing

Eagle syndrome

Hội chứng Eagle là một rối loạn hiếm gặp, gây ra cơn đau tái phát ở phía sau cổ họng và mặt. Cơn đau họng thường âm ỉ, dai dẳng và có thể lan ra tai. Cơn đau thường trở nên tồi tệ hơn khi bạn di chuyển đầu.

Theo Healthline, các triệu chứng khác của hội chứng Eagle có thể bao gồm:

  • Nuốt khó
  • Cảm giác mắc kẹt thứ gì đó trong cổ họng
  • Ù tai
  • Đau cổ
  • Đau mặt

Ear pain when swallowing: Why?  • SignsSymptomsList.com

Các vấn đề về dây chằng và xương nhỏ của cổ hoặc hộp sọ là nguyên nhân dẫn đến hội chứng Eagle. Trong đa số trường hợp, bệnh có thể được khắc phục bằng phương pháp phẫu thuật.

Đau dây thần kinh glossopharyngeal (GPN)

glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) is a rare condition. It involves a nerve of the head and neck, called the glossopharyngeal nerve. GPNs typically cause brief, intense attacks of pain that are often triggered when you swallow, yawn, talk, cough, or chew. The pain is usually centered around one ear, but you may also have pain in your tongue, back of your throat, face, or under your jaw.

Episodes of GPN usually last about two minutes, followed by a dull ache. To treat GPN, your doctor may prescribe neuropathic pain medications such as pregabalin and gabapentin. If medication doesn't work, you may need surgery to correct the condition.

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction

The temporomandibular joint is where the jawbone connects to the skull. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction affects your ability to open and close your mouth.

Since you use this joint quite often, a temporomandibular joint disorder will make your pain worse.

Other symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders include:

  • Difficulty opening mouth
  • Soreness and discomfort in the jaw
  • Jaw locked
  • There is a strange sound when you open your mouth
  • Chronic headaches and neck pain
  • Tinnitus

Temporomandibular joint disorders can be caused by trauma, teeth grinding, and excessive gum chewing. Treatment for ear pain caused by a temporomandibular joint disorder usually includes lifestyle changes, rest, and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin).

Ear pain when swallowing: Why?  • SignsSymptomsList.com


Based on symptoms to distinguish measles and rubella

Based on symptoms to distinguish measles and rubella

Measles and rubella have similar symptoms. However, there are still differences between the two diseases that make it easy to distinguish.

4 causes of silent high blood pressure

4 causes of silent high blood pressure

In addition to the common causes of high blood pressure such as eating salty foods, being overweight or smoking, a recent study by the Heart Association (USA) also found a number of other causes from your daily habits. Let's learn about these silent risk factors for effective blood pressure control!

Secondary hypertension and its unknown causes

Secondary hypertension and its unknown causes

Today, secondary hypertension can easily be caused by many factors, including obesity, kidney disease or hormone disorders.

Points for 12 unexpected causes of nausea

Points for 12 unexpected causes of nausea

You think nausea is a common condition and ignore them. However, there are some causes of nausea that you might not expect!

How to get rid of sciatica during pregnancy?

How to get rid of sciatica during pregnancy?

Sciatica during pregnancy can cause a dull or sharp pain in the middle of the back. This condition is not dangerous and will go away after birth.

Osteoarthritis pain: Early signs of arthritis?

Osteoarthritis pain: Early signs of arthritis?

In diseases related to joints, osteoarthritis pain is a symptom that is easy to recognize but also easy to ignore due to the psychology of "rest will relieve pain".

Causes of Covid-19 outbreaks in developed countries

Causes of Covid-19 outbreaks in developed countries

What is the cause of the outbreak of the Covid-19 epidemic in developed countries such as the US, Spain, and Italy so that you can learn better epidemic prevention lessons?

10 symptoms of chronic colitis that you should know

10 symptoms of chronic colitis that you should know

If you don't know the symptoms of chronic colitis early enough to fix it in time, you can be tired of living with the disease for the rest of your life.

What are the causes of chronic kidney disease and acute kidney failure?

What are the causes of chronic kidney disease and acute kidney failure?

The sudden loss of kidney function is called acute kidney injury, also known as acute renal failure (ARF). Acute kidney failure has three main causes: Lack of blood flow to the kidneys; direct damage to the kidneys; urinary flow obstruction.

Swollen earlobe: Causes and treatment

Swollen earlobe: Causes and treatment

Swollen earlobes can have many causes. The treatment for earlobe swelling will also depend on what's causing it.